Prevention of drowning: What you need to do
Drowning, without any alarm sounds, will occur rapidly and silently.
For infants under five years of age, drowning is one of the leading causes of death. There are top-heavy infants and toddlers, which places them at increased risk of drowning. When an infant sinks into deeper water, she’s not quite able to pull herself up.
Kids under five in Australia drown in:
Pools for Swimming
Baths and baths for the spa
Creeks, ponds and lakes
Beaches For Beaches
Reservoirs, lagoons and wetlands.
In less visible areas, kids even drown, such as nappy buckets, water pools, water features and fish ponds, and water bowls for dogs.
For each drowning, about seven more children are admitted due to non-fatal drowning accidents. Significant brain injury occurs from some of these.
Your child requires direct and continuous adult monitoring in order to remain comfortable around water. Teaching your child about water dangers as well as learning to swim is also important.
Kids’ water safety: the basics
Even when he can swim, it’s important to always stay with your child and watch him anytime he’s in the water.
Supervision implies frequent eye communication with your infant and at all times holding her within arm’s length. If you’re at the beach or the swimming pool, near ponds, rivers and lakes, or at home near a bath or spa, you should be in a position to react quickly. When you are above waves or paddling in ponds, grab your child’s hand.
When you sleep, read or do domestic tasks, supervision is not an occasional look. This isn’t watching the kids play outdoors when you’re inside. It is often better for an adult to supervise, not an older boy.
You should also educate your child about safety in the water and how to dive. By the time they’re four or five, many children will learn to float.
For the whole family to understand, first aid is a necessary ability. It could save the life of your child if you know how to do CPR and what to do in an emergency.
Check out our illustrated guide for babies under one year of CPR and our illustrated guide for babies over one year of CPR. For quick reference, you might print them out and hang them up.
The safety of water around the building
In Australia, the majority of drowning deaths occur from a child falling or wandering into the water, particularly into a backyard pool. However, in as little as 5 cm of water, a small child will drown.
Here are several tips for preventing drowning and enhancing the security of water in your home:
Both pools and spas must, by statute, be fenced in. Both swimming pool safety barriers shall follow the safety criteria of the Australian Model 1926 (AS 1926). Delete all items that might be used to crawl over the swimming pool fence from your yard.
Delete all buckets of water from across the house and make sure that your child can’t get on his own to any body of water, even the bath.
Using a tight-fitting lid on a nappy bucket to hold the bucket closed, off the floor and out of the hands of your kid.
As soon as you’re through with it, still clean the baby bath so that older siblings can’t climb in.
When you’re done with them, empty showers, tubs, buckets, ponds and lakes for paddling.
Safe covers and cover other water features with wire mesh for ponds and bird baths, or leave them empty until your child is at least five years old.
Keep the aquariums and fishbowls out of young children’s grasp. Pool fencing rules apply if you have an inflatable pool that can handle more than 30 cm of water.
Protection of the water surrounding lakes, creeks, wetlands and tanks
Children do not often understand, enforce or remember regulations, especially when play distracts them. An efficient buffer for small children and water hazards should also be a safely fenced, protected play space.
Your child should stop walking near lakes, creeks or other bodies of water in a protected play area to gain access to dangers such as farm equipment, horses and farm vehicles. As the most successful way to avoid serious injury and death to small children on rural land, FarmSafe Australia advises a ‘safe play’ area, plus family rules and oversight.
Here are tips on enhancing the protection of water in your property:
Fence the land between the house and every water body.
Teach your brother, without you, not to go near the river, stream or water tank.
Stable over some water tanks a toddler-proof lid.
If your child or visiting children are under the age of five, fence off, drain or seal ponds.
Be sure your child can not climb trellises, ladders, windows or trees to get into the water tank.
Protection for water along beaches, lakes and rivers
Here are guidelines for increasing the protection of water near the ocean, reservoirs or rivers:
When playing in or near the beach, lakes or rivers, always stay with your kids. Keep the toddler’s hand tight to the waves and paddle across the waterways.
Take your child only to the patrolled beaches where there are surf lifesavers, and swim only between the red and yellow flags.
Teach your school-age kid what to do to remain still, float and lift an arm to gesture to a lifeguard or lifesaver if he needs assistance.
Basic Bathroom Safety
The two major dangers in bath time are drowning and scalding. By observing the four golden laws for safe bath periods, you will eliminate these risks:
Still supervise babies in the water, infants and children under the age of five. Never leave for supervision by older children or siblings. They do not have the experience to see an emergency situation and adapt to it.
Before you bring your child in, check that the water temperature is between 37 ° C and 38 ° C. Use a thermometer with water, just use your wrist or your elbow.
Have all ready in advance so that for bath time you can sit with your child-towel, face washer, cotton wool, clean nappy and clean clothes.
As soon as bathtime is done, let the water out. For a baby wash, about 5-10 minutes is long enough.
Bath time can be frustrating and since you have lots of stuff to do, it comes at the end of the day. It will raise the risk of accidents when too many incidents happen at once. You might consider adjusting your schedule to make it smoother if this sounds like your case.
How to stop drowning in the bathtub
For infants under five years of age, drowning is one of the leading causes of death.
Even little kids are vulnerable to drowning. That’s because it’s top-heavy. They can fall very suddenly into or under the sea, and they can sink in just a few inches of water. Drowning can also be very fast. All it takes is 20 seconds. And young kids will drown softly, without coughing or splashing, so you do not even know that they are in danger.
The secret to drowning avoidance is continuous oversight.
These tips will also boost hygiene in the bathroom:
Beware of the noises that might make you lose track of time and drive you away from the spa. Switch the cell phone into silence and leave it outside the bathroom until you run.
Only drink enough water to wash and play. For a kid who can sit up on his own, belly-button height is enough.
Have an eye on your kid all the time, even though you have a bath seat or crib. A seat with a bath is not a protective system. Bath seats won’t keep your kid comfortable without your guidance.
When your bath doesn’t have a non-slip board, use a non-slip bathmat in the bath.
When you’re not using them, leave the bathroom and laundry doors locked. It would deter little kids on their own from going to pipes or water supplies.
Print out our illustrated baby CPR guide and our illustrated kid CPR guide. In or near your toilet, you may show these.
Never leave your child, even for a minute, alone by the water. Make sure your infant is still within arm’s reach and within sight while you and your child are in the shower.
How to stop burning and scalding in the bathroom
Young children have very delicate skin, which means they can be very easily scalded by bath water that is too hot. The healthy temperature is about 37 ° C and 38 ° C for a child’s bath, while grown-ups prefer to bathe about 41 ° C and 42 ° C in hot.
The easiest way to stop burns or scalds in the bathroom is to ensure that at a target temperature of 50 ° C, hot water is supplied to your basin, bath or shower. But this is not the temperature for swimming. To get the perfect temperature for swimming, you also need to mix cold water with hot water.
This ensures that measuring the bath temperature with a water thermometer, or with your wrist and elbow, is also important. The heat should be comfortably warm, but not warm. The stream is too hot for a child’s skin if your skin flushes when you bring your elbow in.
These tips will help you stop bathroom burns and scalds as well:
Keep your baby far away from the bath until the temperature is healthy.
Often race first with cold water. Never first fill a bath with hot water. Your child may be able to place his hand or foot in the water and be scalded. Swirl the bath water so that there aren’t any hot and cold spots.
Run the hot and cold water together if you have a mixer tap. Add more warm water, not straight hot water, to raise the temperature. Your child can put a hand or foot in the stream if you run hot water on your own and burn it.
Point the lever into the cold setting after you have done running the bath, if you have a mixer tap. Be sure your child is unable to reach the trigger.
Made sure that the hot water tap is turned off. When the bath is ready, run cool water through the tap briefly so that nobody burns water in the tap.
Dream about purchasing anti-scald equipment for your house. To suggest machines that hold hot water at a reasonable temperature, you may ask a certified plumber.
Never leave your child in the possession of an older child who might be able to turn on a tap of hot water.
Never leave your kid in the shower or in the toilet alone. She might turn the hot water tap on quickly and not be able to shut it off. If you have a cell or door call, wrap your kid in a towel and take her with you.
Basic first aid to burns and scalds requires 20 minutes of calming the burnt area under running water. For fast and simple access in an emergency, you can print out our illustrated guide to first aid for burns and scalds.